Some aspects of Catholicism are seen in the story with respect to the Madonna. (The Madonna is a statue of the Virgin Mary.) Manman is portrayed as a spiritual woman, not necessarily a religious one. The narrator states that she spoke to the sun and her utterances are prayer-like especially the line that reads “You spared us from this river, her and me, from this river where I lost my mother.” (450). Superstition is seen as the villagers believe that Manman and other women are lougarous. They believe Manman and these women shed their skin at night and grow wings of fire and kill children.

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